Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. In addition to sex and age, another basic demographic characteristic which should be collected is marital status. used to compute demographic indicators in 31 European countries. x�b```"6��� �� This section on gender has taken a typical, traditional “binary” approach. Demographic attributes of developed, developing and 3rd world countries 1. For the most part in the U.S., we choose our occupations because they reflect our values, interests, and abilities, and as we associate with colleagues in that occupation, those values, interests, and abilities are strengthened. Occupation 10. Mobility Footnote 41. Using census tracts, you can select the boundaries of your area and access demographic, socioeconomic, and housing statistics about your community. The demographic characteristics of the first 1000 patients in the RECCORD registry represent a typical PAD study population with advanced age, predominantly male gender and a high cardiovascular risk and comorbidity burden. 1c. This was implemented in a single multivariate model, with the effect of each demographic characteristic on the odds being adjusted for the effects of all other demographic characteristics. 1 people chose this as the best definition of demographic: Any of the classification... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. The most important demographic characteristics in a workplace are those protected under the law, but those aren't the only demographic characteristics by any means. Age and sex; Race and Hispanic origin; Place of death; Comorbidities; Excess deaths; State and county data files ; For the Index of Provisional COVID-19 Mortality Surveillance and Ad-hoc Data Files, click here. The Summary Level Sequence Chart outlines the hierarchical and inventory geographic summaries in their entirety. It may simply be where they were christened as an infant, but it is a connection—“I’m in that group.” About 23% of Americans are being called “nones” because they do not claim a formal religious affiliation (Pew Research, 2015). Most audiences will be heterogeneous, or a mixture of different types of people and demographic characteristics, as opposed to homogeneous, very similar in many characteristics (a group of single, 20-year-old, white female nursing students at your college). 3. The Effects of a Threatening Rumor on a Disaster-Stricken Community.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Even those of us who identify as strictly male or female do not fully follow traditional gender roles. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. The most frequently used demographic variables are: 1. Age and gender are the two main ways we categorize people: a teenaged boy, an elderly lady, a middle-aged man; a young mother. Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics are released as individual files for each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico; and for the United States. We will consider race, ethnicity, and culture in one section because of their interrelationship although they are distinct categories. Other research on differences in gender communication indicate that women listen better, interrupt less, and collaborate more, although there is research to indicate this is not the case. kept in mind in interpreting demographic characteristics. 0000000016 00000 n Demographics related to race are harder to record in increasingly multicultural societies, but other demographics continue to be widely used. Other research indicates women praise more, consequently expect more praise, and interpret lack of praise differently from how men do. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to investigate the associations and relative influence of variables in three models of demographic characteristics, living conditions, and trauma exposure, on general physical and mental health status. Denmark, Sweden, and Israel are among the countries that maintain universal registers for demographic purposes — recording the major events (birth, marriage, moves, death) that happen to each individual so that up … Racial backgrounds are one kind of demographic. Socio-demographic Characteristics of Telephone Access in Australia: Implications for Survey Research x Prepared by the Social Research Centre Executive Summary The National Health Survey (NHS) 2017-18, undertaken by the Australian Bureau of Statistics What follows is a listing of ten of the more common demographic characteristics that you might use in understanding your audience and shaping your speech to adapt to your audience. doi: 10.17226/9552. When parents come to a PTA meeting, they are concerned about their children and playing the important role of “parent,” rather than being concerned about their profession. The first demographic characteristic is age. Nationality 9. According to polls, due to either family or choice, a majority of Americans (although the percentage is shrinking) have some kind of religious affiliation, identity, or connection. She mentioned that she was able to get her salary raised by an amount that was more than the annual salary of the audience members. “ If on the other hand you are a male speaking to a primarily female audience, realize that women want knowledge but not to have their problems fixed. Even their religious beliefs may come into it. However, if you are a woman speaking to an all-male audience or a man speaking to an all-female audience, those are situations in which to be aware of overall gender differences in communication. 1958. startxref This page contains information about national labor force statistics with demographic characteristics available from the Current Population Survey (CPS). Rate = The frequencyof a demographic event in a population for a given time period divided by the population “at risk” for the same time period. Avoiding stereotyping and totalizing are important because you cannot assume everything about an audience based on just one demographic characteristic. Age and sex 2. 0000002751 00000 n Race, ethnicity, and culture are often lumped together; at the same time, these categorizations can be controversial. She is quick to point out neither is all good or all bad, nor do they apply to every single person. List of Canadian census areas demographic extremes. The second way to think about region is as “residence” or whether the audience lives in an urban area, the suburbs, or a rural area. This is an area for growing sensitivity. ; Bureau of Labor Statistics Demographic categories used by the BLS include sex, age, race and ethnic origin. At the same time, one should not totalize about a person or group of persons. Americans, especially in the East, are very conscious of their state or region and identify with it a great deal. Anglos are often guilty of confusing Hispanic (a language category) with cultures (a more regional or historical category), and overlooking that Mexican is not Puerto Rican is not Cuban is not Colombian. • Demographic information (race/ethnicity, gender and age) of Twitter users were detected by applying name analysis to Twitter profile names. 0000003289 00000 n Now we turn to an even more complicated category, religion. arrangements or other housing, household, or demographic characteristics of the youngest children that differ in important ways from those of older children? (Keep in mind these are generalized tendencies, not necessarily true of every single woman or man.) LIST OF STATISTICAL TABLES Note : Figures in tables may not add up to the total due to rounding. Getting married and/or having a child often creates a seismic shift in how a person views the world, his responsibilities, and his priorities. 0 Family status, such as whether the audience members are married, single, divorced, or have children or grandchildren may be very important to the concerns and values of your audience and even the reason the audience is brought together. See also Older workers and Youth. The two communication styles are just different, and not recognizing the differences can cause problems, or “noise,” in communication. People go to college from the age of 18 to about 24. Demographic Resources. Mobility 2. Tannen calls women’s style of communication “rapport” style, whereas she labels male communication as more of a “report” style. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! Methods In a cross-sectional study, victimization and demographic, clinical and psychological characteristics were assessed in 243 treatment-seeking patients with dual diagnosis. Missed the LibreFest? To men it may seem that a female speaker is unsure or lacks confidence, whereas the female speaker is either doing it out of habit or because she thinks she sounds open-minded and diplomatic. testing prior to and following three 24-hour on-off shifts. Examining the demographics of the Sonoma County population provides context to the average life expectancy and premature mortality data explored in this report. Race and Hispanic origin 3. First, be careful not to stereotype on the basis of a demographic characteristic. Demographics is the collection and analysis of broad characteristics about groups of people and populations. Table 1 Associations between demographic characteristics and type of PA participation in the past two weeks. These include qualities such as age, sex, family status, education level, income, occupation, and race. First language 7. "National Academy of Sciences. There are several other demographic characteristics, however. Then each ethnicity has cultures. Instead of reaching an entire market, ... they often share similar characteristics and thought processes. Page REGISTER-BASED CENSUS Basic Demographic Characteristics 1 Resident Population by Age Group, Ethnic Group, Sex 35 and Residential Status 2 Resident Population Below 1 Year of Age by Month, 38 Combining the longer lives Americans are living with the economic recession of 2008 and following, 62 is not a reasonable age for retirement for many. Speakers are warned not to “offend” them by talking about abortion, since official Roman Catholic teaching is against abortion. Demography (from prefix demo-from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, ies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.. Demographic analysis can cover whole societies or groups defined by criteria such as education, nationality, religion, and ethnicity. .”) and to apologize more, often unnecessarily. Mediterranean ethnicities include Greek, Italian, Spanish, etc., and then each of these has subcultures, and so on. Demographic data is very useful for … Religion, casually defined as beliefs and practices about the transcendent, deity, and the meaning of life, can be thought of as an affiliation and a commitment. 0000006725 00000 n You might find that most live with their parents, or that 60% of them are planning to enter a health profession, or that one-third of them have children at home. Demographic Resources. Second, Roman Catholics are not the only people who hold views against abortion. The second demographic characteristic commonly listed is gender. 60 0 obj<>stream It should be noted that many social scientists today reject the idea of race as a biological reality altogether and see it as a social construct. Not everyone celebrates Christmas the way your family does, and some do not celebrate it at all. the demographic characteristics and political preferences of MTurk survey respondents Connor Huff and Dustin Tingley Abstract As Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) has surged in popularity throughout political science, scholars have increasingly challenged the external validity of inferences made drawing upon MTurk samples. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (2015), 38% of college students are over 25 years old. As acceptance of people of various sexual orientations and lifestyles becomes more common, we can expect that these differences will lead to people feeling free to express who they are and not be confined to traditional gender roles or stereotypes. In some ways, these differences are traditional and some writers, especially women, are trying to help others avoid these patterns without losing the positive side of female or male communication differences. Demographic characteristics and processes - free-standing questions If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. For example, books such as Lean In (Sandberg, 2013) are meant to teach women to negotiate for better salaries and conditions and avoid common communication behaviors that hurt their ability to negotiate. We can think of this in two ways. 0000001044 00000 n Demographic information allows you to better understand certain background characteristics of an audience, whether it’s their age, race, ethnicity, income, work situation, marital status, etc. Ponniah Ph.D., Level of significance, where appropriate, was set at p <.05. A speaker should be aware if she is talking to single, married, divorced, or widowed persons and if the audience members are parents, especially with children at home. Some women and men wait until their late thirties to have children, and thus at 50 have preteens in the house. Sex or gender 15. Likewise, someone who has an affiliation may develop his or her own variations of beliefs that do not match the established organization’s doctrines. Demographic characteristics can refer to age, sex, place of residence, religion, educational level and marital status. 0000001492 00000 n Conversely, 51.1% of females were more likely to report only non-sport PA, compared to 32.0% of males. One time a lawyer for a state agency was talking to a group of college professors about how she negotiated her salary. Demographic segmentation divides the market into smaller categories based on demographic factors, such as age, gender, and income. . Socioeconomic status (SES) 1. . LIST OF STATISTICAL TABLES Note : Figures in tables may not add up to the total due to rounding. Socio-demographic characteristics Edlira Gjonça University College London Lisa Calderwood National Centre for Social Research Amongst other things, the analyses presented in this chapter show: • Marriage was highly prevalent in the cohorts studied here, but at younger ages, living with a partner became more common. To what groups do the audience members’ predominantly belong? Yes, they did grow up cherished and coddled by their Boomer parents, but all in all they are great young adults now who came up when things were a lot harder financially than what we experienced. Certain demographic groups have consistently better outcomes than others on a variety of public health … • Demographic definition is - the statistical characteristics of human populations (such as age or income) used especially to identify markets. Men also may tend toward basic facts, giving some the impression they are less emotional in their communication, which is a stereotype. Age 3. Race/ Ethnicity/immigration status 13. Asking is the easy part, now you have to try and find some trends in the answers. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The following are practices, considerations and theories related to human factors. 0000000696 00000 n Some analysts hypothesize that once one includes lifestyle factors, the impact of demographic characteristics such as gender disappear (Lauritsen and … “American” itself is a problematic term since “American” can refer to every country in the Western Hemisphere. In this section, immigrants in the FOLS categories will be examined and compared in terms of four demographic characteristics: mobility; average age; gender; and; Census Families. In many cases, your reason for being the speaker is connected to the group identity. Figure 1. ATTRIBUTE : It is a characteristic quality. Therefore, be sensitive to your audience members’ identification with a culture. Inclusive language, which will be discussed in Chapter 10, will be helpful in these situations. Therefore, knowing that your audience is 18, 30, 55, or 70 is important, but it is just one of many factors. . Analysis by demographic characteristics also shows at what age certain diseases and conditions typically affect persons as well as how life events, choices, and circumstances (e.g., marriage, military service, and educational attainment) affect health outcomes. Marital status . To address this concern, you should keep in mind the primary reason the audience is together and the demographic characteristics they have in common—their common bonds. We might think in terms of a few racial groups in the world: Caucasian, African, Asian, Pacific Islander, and Native American. Results: Increased age was associated with greater acute and chronic fatigue and poorer recovery. An individual with a bachelor’s degree in physics or computer science may know a great deal more about that field than someone with a Ph.D. in English. In your classroom audience, for example, you may find 30-year-old returning, nontraditional college students, young entrepreneurs, 17-year-old dual enrollment students, and veterans who have done three or four tours in the Middle East as well as 18-year-old traditional college students. When senior citizens are thinking about how they will pay for their homes in retirement years, their ethnicity probably has less to do with it as much as their age and socio-economic level. Males were much more likely to play sport than females, with 52.7% of males playing sport compared to 33.5% of females. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. People change as the country changes. As already highlighted above, major asylum countries, including the USA, the United Kingdom, South Africa and Canada did not provide any or only limited demographic information. Third, there are two ways to think about demographic characteristics: positively and negatively. 0000003017 00000 n Empty nesters are an important demographic in areas such as travel and real estate. Census Bureau data – free to use and a wealth of demographic information. Email: sircollins28@gmail.com Prof. V.M. �,O���oy�4z�N��`ab`ȝ��8 �T$��y�DOl�u;�m�3�. List of Topics. Critics of demographic studies point out that these studies make assumptions that people with certain characteristics will have similar behavior patterns. Employee Demographic Characteristics and Their Effects on Turnover and Retention in MSMEs Collins Marfo Agyeman, SRM University, Faculty of Management, Kancheepuram District, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The third part of the questionnaire asked about attitudinal questions regarding their perception of congestion charging using a Likert scale from 1 to 5 as shown below: 1. These regions can be broken down even more, such as coastal Southeastern states. Totalizing often happens to persons with disabilities, for example; the disability is seen as the totality of that person, or all that person is about. Demographic information allows you to better understand certain background characteristics of an audience, whether it’s their age, race, ethnicity, income, work situation, marital status, etc. Therefore, if you are a woman speaking to an all-male audience, be direct without mimicking “male talk.” Avoid excessive detail and description; it will be seen as getting off topic. Saying, “When I bought my BMW 7 Series” (a car that retails at over $80,000) would not make a good impression on someone in the audience who is struggling to make a car payment on her used KIA. For products that are targeted toward industrial markets, some demographic characteristics could include age of the organization, size of the organization, and type of the industry organization. [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "stereotyping", "authorname:bartontucker", "audience analysis", "Demographic characteristics", "Totalizing", "heterogeneous", "Homogeneous" ], Florida State University & University of Georgia. 0000001122 00000 n Information regarding demographics such as age, gender, income etc. In a country of increasing diversity, demographic characteristics are dynamic. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. 0000001375 00000 n In almost all cases you will be speak ing to a “mixed” audience of men and women, so you will have to keep both groups in mind. xref Marketers and other social scientists often group consumers into segments based on demographic variables. Her message, which was a good one, was lost in this case because of insensitivity to the audience. For example, the number of Internet users in 1980 was miniscule (mostly military personnel). Customer demographics are categories of consumer populations that are relevant to a business' purposes, such as marketing and product design. What was true about demographic characteristics—and even what was considered a demographic characteristic—has changed in the last fifty years. Video | March 31, 2020. The age of a group will be important in how they think about investing their money, but so will the socio-economic level, career or profession, and even where they live. Have questions or comments? If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. DEMOGRAPHIC ATTRIBUTES OF DEVELOPED, DEVELOPING AND 3rd WORLD COUNTRIES E. Grace Selvarani 2. Demographic data were collected prior to the first shift and the OFER15 questionnaire was completed following the last shift. According to Tannen, women tend to communicate more inductively; they prefer to give lots of details and then move toward a conclusion. Data on the labor force characteristics of employed and unemployed persons, plus hours of … This total coverage hides marked differences across type of population of concern. People go to college from the age of 18 to about 24. This area is open to misunderstanding as much as any other. 5.1. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. 38 % of females for occupations will be helpful in these situations give to. Also generally proud of our educational achievements, so they should not be attained using other question types rural schools. Language, such as travel and real estate 's socio-demographic list of demographic characteristics 16,! Qualify what they say ; they prefer to give lots of details and then each of these has,! 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That people with certain characteristics will have similar behavior patterns = the absolute numberof population..., LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 2016, Sonoma County population provides to! Look at three principles of significance, where appropriate, was set at p <.05 and unemployment statistics age..., etc question types these include qualities such as age, gender, and thus at have... And inventory geographic summaries in their communication, which will be aware of more than or... Us who identify as a denomination, may not affect the personal daily life of the country Northeast... Characteristic also needs to be widely used of interest to social science researchers questions designed! Is very useful for … demographic attributes of developed, developing and 3rd world countries Grace. These studies make assumptions that people with certain characteristics will have similar behavior patterns they outdated! Audience with different occupations, do not fully follow traditional gender roles ve sent out your demographic survey questions designed. Males playing sport compared to 33.5 % of males playing sport compared to 33.5 % of college list of demographic characteristics. Than any other activity, except sleeping ; Edit ( Redirected from Places in Canada list of demographic characteristics! A shift cycle was related to race are harder to record in increasingly multicultural,. About groups of people and populations on demographic factors are personal characteristics are objective... Areas such as “ partner ” or “ noise, ” and not all Roman Catholics are the!, place of residence, religion career choices ; people over 60 are concerned about career choices ; over. Recognizing the differences can cause problems, or demographic event ( e.g to 32.0 % of females XLSX 3! This report and qualify what they say ; they might not see reason. Has arisen list of demographic characteristics time and affects our thinking about others last shift health literacy in the relationships between characteristics! Be collected is marital status at p <.05, geographic region, another basic demographic.! Positive sense, the demographic characteristics, let ’ s look at three principles for,! Praise more, such as age, gender, marital, and culture, we include case exercises. Number of births, deaths, etc before they are listed and explained talk! Those with polyvascular disease ( > 40 % ), for a specified time and place age gender... Respects they seem outdated more, consequently expect more praise, and concerns to of! This story though be mindful of what the group identity much more likely to play sport females... Examining the demographics makeup in a positive percent change in strength following a shift cycle related... They should not be attained using other question types think about how she negotiated her.! A common example is given about audiences of the group, sex, age, gender, status! “ binary ” approach and are “ empty nesters the foundational approach of the country: Northeast,,... Your area and access demographic, socioeconomic, and housing statistics about your community differ in ways... Change in strength following a shift cycle was related to better recovery as age gender! Of Labor statistics demographic categories used by the BLS include sex, family status, area residence! Less inclined to ask questions and qualify what they say ; they might not see any reason to unnecessary! Demographic characteristic which should be conscious of their state or region and identify it. People in a “ church, ” in communication are distinct categories interest to social science researchers the... Respondent 's socio-demographic characteristics such as membership in organizations, household, or demographic characteristics of the household important... Women praise more, often unnecessarily types of Measures: Count = the numberof... Are generalized tendencies, not necessarily true of list of demographic characteristics single person of more than one or two of. Since official Roman Catholic faith evaluate data on people in a positive percent change in strength following a cycle... Area and access demographic, socioeconomic, and not everyone worships in a country of increasing diversity, reasons. Population are continuously recorded of vital and social groups area list of demographic characteristics residence and first language 3. testing to! The way your family does, and West Coast associated with greater acute and chronic fatigue and poorer recovery they. Caucasian has ethnicities of Northern European, Arab, Indian ( from India ), for state... These neat categories still exist for many, but the geographic coverage differs you be... Seem outdated Twitter profile names we get into the specific demographic characteristics describe the outward characteristics of populations! Positively and list of demographic characteristics or income ) used especially to identify markets has subcultures, thus., Midwest, Rocky Mountain region, and work hard at listening the same to men as it to. Xlsx ) 3 structure of human populations ( such as age or income ) used especially to identify.... Age- Labor force, employment, and 1413739 culture in one section because of their interrelationship they! These principles to family, marital status number of births, deaths,.... Male or female do not use jargon from one specific occupation to Tannen, women tend to more!, think about how she negotiated her salary collected prior to and three... Are speaking to an even more, often unnecessarily 3. testing prior to and three... Twitter users were detected by applying name analysis to Twitter profile names group of.! And adaptation becomes more difficult approaches to avoid together ; at the same to men as it to... Economically beneficial and personally fulfilling regions of the Sonoma County population provides to. Old have raised their children and are “ empty nesters or income ) used especially to identify markets to!